The Uniqueness of Women's Health
Women's experience of health and disease differs from those of men, due to unique biological, social and behavioral conditions. Additionally, women's life expectancy is greater than that of men, regardless of race and geographic region.
Unique female issues include pregnancy, menopause, and conditions of the female organs. Women experience many unique health issues related to reproduction and sexuality and these are responsible for a third of all health problems experienced by women during their reproductive years (ages 15–44).
Despite the differences, the leading causes of death in the United States are remarkably similar for men and women. However, women and men have different experiences of the same illnesses; especially cardiovascular disease, cancer, depression and dementia, and women are more prone to urinary tract infections than men.
Women and men have approximately equal risk of dying from cancer. However, the incidence of different cancers varies between women and men. In the United States the three most common types of cancer of women are lung, breast and colorectal cancers.
Many women will experience mental health issues over their lifetime. Women are at higher risk than men from anxiety, depression, and stress-induced complaints.
In the United States, women have depression twice as often as men. The risks of depression in women have been linked to changing hormonal environment, including puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth and menopause. Additionally, women metabolize drugs used to treat depression differently than men.